Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index)

Document Type: Original Research Article

Authors

1 Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Hail, Hail City, Saudi Arabia

2 Biology Department, Faculty of Science, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Abstract

The chemical characterization and studying the antitoxin effects of Rosmarinus officinalis and Matricaria chamomilla extracts were as follows: Phytochemical screening, Total Polyphenols and Flavonoids content and Antitoxin effects on rats. Bio extracts were shown through color analysis containing phytochemical compounds such as (Terpens, Tannins, Flavonoids, Saponins, Alkaloids, Glycosides, Ph. Glycosides and Resins). Ethanolic extract of R. officinalis had the highest of total polyphenols and flavonoids contents, which were 152.00 mgGAE/g and 17.44 mgQE/g, respectively. It was followed by the aqueous extract of the same plant leaves, which were 139.08 mgGAE/g and 15.00 mgQE/g. The total polyphenols and flavonoids contents of ethanolic extract for M. chamomilla, were 144.00 mgGAE/g and 15.06mgQE/g. Next came the aqueous extract of the same plant leaves, which were, 127.11 mgGAE/g and 13.79 mgQE/g. The study showed the active effect of plant extracts as antitoxin when tested on rats. The results showed that the plant leave extracts increased the body weight, and improved antioxidant biomarkers and blood biochemical of rat.

Graphical Abstract

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