Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index)

Document Type: Original Research Article

Authors

1 National Center of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro-76080 / Pakistan

2 Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ankara, Ankara, Turkey

10.33945/SAMI/ECC.2020.7.6

Abstract

Water might be contaminated by different metal ions, resulting in different water-borne diseases in human and aquatic life. This research study aimed at synthesizing the diethylamine functionalized calix[4]arene based silica (DFCS) resin for the effective removal of heavy metals such as Cd2+, Pb2+, and Hg2+ from water. The DFCS resin was characterized using the FTIR spectroscopy and SEM techniques. The efficiency of the DFCS resin for the removal of metal ions was evaluated by performing equilibrium studies under the optimized conditions. Moreover, the experimental data were subjected to isotherm models; however, the Freundlich model was best-fit one as compared to the Langmuir model. The energy calculated from the D-R model was 10.3, 9.7 and 9.2 KJ/mol for Cd2+, Pb2+, and Hg2+,respectively, suggesting that the ion exchange process is involved. The thermodynamic values revealed that the reaction is spontaneous and exothermic, following the pseudo second-order kinetic model equation.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Main Subjects

[1] M.A. Kamboh, W.A. Wan Ibrahim, H. Rashidi Nodeh, L.A. Zardari, M.M. Sanagi, Environ. Technol., 2019, 40, 2482-2493.

[2] M.M. Sihabudeen, A.A. Ali, A.Z. Hussain, Int. J. Chemtech Res., 2016, 9, 254-257.

[3] C.V. Mohod, J. Dhote, Int. J. Innov. Res. Sci. Eng. Technol., 2013, 2, 2992-2996.

[4] H. Alyahya, A.H. El-Gendy, S. Al Farraj, M. El-Hedeny, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 2011, 214, 499-507.

[5] R. Goyer, Issue paper on the human health effects of metals. Editor, US EPA, 2004.

[6] L. Järup, British medical bulletin, 2003, 68, 167-182.

[7] U. Lindh, Ambio, 2007, 36, 107-110.

[8] S.A. El‐Safty, D. Prabhakaran, A.A. Ismail, H. Matsunaga, F. Mizukami, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2007, 17, 3731-3745.

[9] J. Ayenimo, A. Yusuf, A. Adekunle, O. Makinde, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 2010, 84, 8-14.

[10] G. Mebrahtu, S. Zerabruk, Momona Ethiop. J. Sci 2011, 3, 105-121.

[11] Z.B. Mokhtari-Hosseini, E. Kazemiyan, R. Tayebee, T. Shenavaei-Zare, Hemijska Industrija, 2016, 70, 21-29.

[12] R. Tayebee, J. Water Environ. Nanotechnol, 2018, 3, 40-50.

[13] R. Jalilian, A. Taheri, E-polymers, 2018, 18, 123-134.

[14] A. Alkherraz, O. Hashad, K. Elsherif, Prog. Chem. Biochem. Res., 2019, 2, 99-107.

[15] K. Trivunac, S. Stevanovic, Chemosphere, 2006, 64, 486-491.

[16] R. Junejo, S. Memon, F.N. Memon, A.A. Memon, F. Durmaz, A.A. Bhatti, A.A. Bhatti, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2019, 64, 3407-3415.

[17] I.B. Solangi, S. Memon, M. Bhanger, Anal. Chim. Acta., 2009, 638, 146-153.

[18] I.B. Solangi, S. Memon, N. Memon, M. Bhanger, J. Macromol. Sci. A., 2008, 45, 1003-1008.

[19] A. Shah, T. Kazi, J. Baig, H. Afridi, G. Kandhro, M. Arain, N. Kolachi, S. Wadhwa, Food Chem. Toxicol, 2010, 48, 65-69.

[20] N. Pourreza, K. Ghanemi, J. Hazard. Mater, 2009, 161, 982-987.

[21] C.D. Gutsche, B. Dhawan, K.H. No, R. Muthukrishnan, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1981, 103, 3782-3792.

[22] C.D. Gutsche, L.-G. Lin, Tetrahedron, 1986, 42, 1633-1640.

[23] C.D. Gutsche, M. Iqbal, Organic Syntheses, 2003, 68, 234-234.

[24] C.D. Gutsche, K.C. Nam, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1988, 110, 6153-6162.

[25] R.A. Wuana, F.E. Okieimen, Isrn Ecology 2011, 2011, 1-20.

[26]       M.-Z. Asfari, V. Böhmer, J. Harrowfield, J. Vicens, Calixarenes 2001. Springer Science & Business Media, 2007, 1-683.

[27] C.D. Gutsche, M. Iqbal, D. Stewart, J. Org. Chem., 1986, 51, 742-745.

[28] C.D. Gutsche, L.-G. Lin, Tetrahedron, 1986, 42, 1633-1640.

[29] P.K. Jal, S. Patel, B.K. Mishra, Talanta, 2004, 62, 1005-1028.

[30] C. Ren, X. Ding, W. Li, H. Wu, H. Yang, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2017, 62, 1865-1875.

[31] D. Huang, B. Li, M. Wu, S. Kuga, Y. Huang, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2018, 63, 2097-2105.

[32] R. Sharma, D. Kumar, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 2018, 63, 4560-4572.

[33] M.A. Salam, M.R. Abukhadra, M. Mostafa, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 2020, 27, 13247–13260.

[34] E. Fereydoun Asl, F.S. Mohseni-Shahri, F. Moeinpour, Eurasian Chem. Commun., 2019, 1, 480-493.